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An OTOF Frameshift Variant Associated with Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Hong Xia, Xiangjun Huang, Hongbo Xu, Yi Guo, Pengzhi Hu, Xiong Deng, Zhijian Yang, An Liu and Hao Deng*   Pages 370 - 374 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder (ANSD) is manifested as impairment of auditory nerve activity but preservation of the outer hair cell function.

Objective: This study was to detect the disease-causing gene and variant(s) in a Chinese ANSD family.

Methods: A four-generation consanguineous Chinese ANSD family and 200 unrelated healthy controls were enrolled. Exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were applied to identify the genetic basis for ANSD in this family.

Results: Exome sequencing detected a c.1236delC variant of the otoferlin gene in an apparently homozygous state. Sanger sequencing confirmed that the variant co-segregating with the phenotype of hearing impairments in this family. The variant was not detected in 200 healthy controls. The c.1236delC alteration may result in a truncated otoferlin missing the C2C-C2F domains and the Cterminal transmembrane domain, and thus severely damages Ca2+-dependent synaptic vesicle fusion and targeting function of the otoferlin.

Conclusion: Our study suggested that the c.1236delC alteration in the otoferlin gene may be the diseasecausing variant in this family, and also shed new light on genetic counseling to this ANSD family.

Keywords:

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder, Exome sequencing, Hearing loss, Variant, The OTOF gene, ANSD family.

Affiliation:

Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Department of General Surgery, The First Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Center for Experimental Medicine and Department of Neurology, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha

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