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Repurposing Pathogenic Variants of DMD Gene and its Isoforms for DMD Exon Skipping Intervention

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Rahul Tyagi, Sumit Kumar, Ashwin Dalal, Faruq Mohammed, Manju Mohanty, Paramvir Kaur and Akshay Anand *   Pages 519 - 530 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive, fatal neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the DMD gene. Emerging antisense oligomer based exon skipping therapy provides hope for the restoration of the reading frame.

Objectives: Population-based DMD mutation database may enable exon skipping to be used for the benefit of patients. Hence, we planned this study to identify DMD gene variants in North Indian DMD cases.

Methods: A total of 100 DMD cases were recruited and Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis was performed to obtain the deletion and duplication profile.

Results: Copy number variations (deletion/duplication) were found in 80.85% of unrelated DMD cases. Sixty-eight percent of cases were found to have variations in the distal hotspot region (Exon 45- 55) of the DMD gene. Exon 44/45 variations were found to be the most prominent among single exon variations, whereas exon 49/50 was found to be the most frequently mutated locations in single/ multiple exon variations. As per Leiden databases, 86.84% cases harboured out-of-frame mutations. Domain wise investigation revealed that 68% of mutations were localized in the region of spectrin repeats. Dp140 isoform was predicted to be absent in 62/76 (81.57%) cases. A total of 45/80 (56.25 %) and 23/80 (28.70%) DMD subjects were predicted to be amenable to exon 51 and exon 45 skipping trials, respectively.

Conclusion: A major proportion of DMD subjects (80%) could be diagnosed by the MLPA technique. The data generated from our study may be beneficial for strengthening of mutation database in the North Indian population.

Keywords:

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), dystrophin, exon skipping, MLPA, pathogenic variants, neuromuscular disorder.

Affiliation:

Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Diagnostics Division, Center for DNA fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, Genomics and Molecular Medicine Unit, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi, Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Neuroscience Research Lab, Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

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