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Understanding the Plant-microbe Interactions in CRISPR/Cas9 Era: Indeed a Sprinting Start in Marathon

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Seenichamy Rathinam Prabhukarthikeyan, Chidambaranathan Parameswaran*, Umapathy Keerthana, Basavaraj Teli, Prasanth Tej Kumar Jagannadham, Balasubramaniasai Cayalvizhi, Periyasamy Panneerselvam, Ansuman Senapati, Krishnan Nagendran, Shweta Kumari, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Sundaram Aravindan and Samantaray Sanghamitra   Pages 429 - 443 ( 15 )

Abstract:


Plant-microbe interactions can be either beneficial or harmful depending on the nature of the interaction. Multifaceted benefits of plant-associated microbes in crops are well documented. Specifically, the management of plant diseases using beneficial microbes is considered to be eco-friendly and the best alternative for sustainable agriculture. Diseases caused by various phytopathogens are responsible for a significant reduction in crop yield and cause substantial economic losses globally. In an ecosystem, there is always an equally daunting challenge for the establishment of disease and development of resistance by pathogens and plants, respectively. In particular, comprehending the complete view of the complex biological systems of plant-pathogen interactions, co-evolution and plant growth promotions (PGP) at both genetic and molecular levels requires novel approaches to decipher the function of genes involved in their interaction. The Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 (CRISPR-associated protein 9) is a fast, emerging, precise, ecofriendly and efficient tool to address the challenges in agriculture and decipher plant-microbe interaction in crops. Nowadays, the CRISPR/Cas9 approach is receiving major attention in the field of functional genomics and crop improvement. Consequently, the present review updates the prevailing knowledge in the deployment of CRISPR/Cas9 techniques to understand plant-microbe interactions, genes edited for the development of fungal, bacterial and viral disease resistance, to elucidate the nodulation processes, plant growth promotion, and future implications in agriculture. Further, CRISPR/Cas9 would be a new tool for the management of plant diseases and increasing productivity for climate resilience farming.

Keywords:

Beneficial microbes, phytopathogens, genome-editing, CRISPR/Cas9, durable disease resistance, plant-microbe interaction.

Affiliation:

Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, Central Citrus Research Institute (ICAR-CCRI), Nagpur, Maharashtra, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (ICAR-IIVR), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (ICAR-IIVR), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha, Crop Improvement Division, National Rice Research Institute (ICAR-NRRI), Cuttack, 753006 Odisha

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