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Genomic Research Favoring Higher Soybean Production

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Marcela C. Pagano*, Mohammad Miransari*, Eduardo J.A. CorrĂȘa, Neimar F. Duarte and Bakhytzhan K. Yelikbayev   Pages 481 - 490 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Interest in the efficient production of soybean, as one of the most important crop plants, is significantly increasing worldwide. Soybean symbioses, the most important biological process affecting soybean yield and protein content, were revitalized due to the need for sustainable agricultural practices. Similar to many crop species, soybean can establish symbiotic associations with the soil bacteria rhizobia, and with the soil fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and other beneficial rhizospheric microorganisms are often applied as biofertilizers. Microbial interactions may importantly affect soybean production and plant health by activating different genomic pathways in soybean. Genomic research is an important tool, which may be used to elucidate and enhance the mechanisms controlling such actions and interactions. This review presents the available details on the genomic research favoring higher soybean production. Accordingly, new technologies applied to plant rhizosphere and symbiotic microbiota, root-plant endophytes, and details about the genetic composition of soybean inoculant strains are highlighted. Such details may be effectively used to enhance soybean growth and yield, under different conditions, including stress, resulting in a more sustainable production.

Keywords:

Gene editing, germplasms, mutants, soybean genome, symbiotic microbes, microbial associations.

Affiliation:

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Department of Book&Article, AbtinBerkeh Scienctifc Ltd. Company, Isfahan, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria de Minas Gerais EPAMIG-URECO, Pitangui, MG, Belo Horizonte, Instituto Federal de Minas Gerais, Reitoria, Belo Horizonte, Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty

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