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Genomic Research Favoring Higher Soybean Production

Author(s):

Marcela C. Pagano*, Mohammad Miransari*, Eduardo J.A. Corrêa, Neimar F. Duarte and Bakhytzhan K. Yelikbayev   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Interest in the efficient production of soybean, as one of the most important crop plants, is significantly increas-ing, worldwide. Soybean symbioses, the most important biological process affecting soybean yield and protein content, were revitalized due to the need for sustainable agricultural practices. Similar to many crop species, soybean can establish symbiotic associations with the soil bacteria rhizobia, and with the soil fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and other bene-ficial rhizospheric microorganisms are often applied as biofertilizers. Microbial interactions may importantly affect soybean production and plant health by activating different genomic pathways in soybean. Genomic research is the important tool, which may be used to elucidate and enhance the mechanisms controlling such actions and interactions. This review presents the available details on the genomic research favoring higher soybean production. Accordingly, new technologies applied to plant rhizosphere and symbiotic microbiota, root-plant endophytes, and details about the genetic composition of soybean inoculant strains are highlighted. Such details may be effectively used to enhance soybean growth and yield, under different conditions including stress resulting in a more sustainable production of soybean.

Keywords:

Gene editing, germplasms, mutants, soybean genome, symbiotic microbes.

Affiliation:

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Department of Book&Article, AbtinBerkeh Scienctifc Ltd. Company, Isfahan, Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais EPAMIG-URECO, Pi-tangui, MG, Instituto Federal de Minas Gerais, Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty



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