Harshita Bhargava, Amita Sharma and Prashanth Suravajhala *
The drug discovery process has been a crucial and cost-intensive process. This cost is not only monetary but also involves risks, time, and labour that are incurred while introducing a drug in the market. In order to reduce this cost and the risks associated with the drugs that may result in severe side effects, the in silico methods have gained popularity in recent years. These methods have had a significant impact on not only drug discovery but also the related areas such as drug repositioning, drug-target interaction prediction, drug side effect prediction, personalised medicine, etc. Amongst these research areas predicting interactions between drugs and targets forms the basis for drug discovery. The availability of big data in the form of bioinformatics, genetic databases, along with computational methods, have further supported data-driven decision-making. The results obtained through these methods may be further validated using in vitro or in vivo experiments. This validation step can further justify the predictions resulting from in silico approaches, further increasing the accuracy of the overall result in subsequent stages. A variety of approaches are used in predicting drug-target interactions, including ligand-based, molecular docking based and chemogenomic-based approaches. This paper discusses the chemogenomic methods, considering drug target interaction as a classification problem on whether or not an interaction between a particular drug and target would serve as a basis for understanding drug discovery/drug repositioning. We present the advantages and disadvantages associated with their application.
Chemogenomic approaches, drug target, drug discovery, in silico methods, chemogenomic methods
Department of Computer Science & IT, IIS(deemed to be University),Jaipur, Department of Computer Science & IT, IIS(deemed to be University), Jaipur, Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Birla Institute of Scientific Research Jaipur