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Challenges and Solutions in Proteomics

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Hongzhan Huang, Hem D. Shukla, Cathy Wu and Satya Saxena   Pages 21 - 28 ( 8 )

Abstract:


The accelerated growth of proteomics data presents both opportunities and challenges. Large-scale proteomic profiling of biological samples such as cells, organelles or biological fluids has led to discovery of numerous key and novel proteins involved in many biological/disease processes including cancers, as well as to the identification of novel disease biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets. While proteomic data analysis has been greatly assisted by the many bioinformatics tools developed in recent years, a careful analysis of the major steps and flow of data in a typical highthroughput analysis reveals a few gaps that still need to be filled to fully realize the value of the data. To facilitate functional and pathway discovery for large-scale proteomic data, we have developed an integrated proteomic expression analysis system, iProXpress, which facilitates protein identification using a comprehensive sequence library and functional interpretation using integrated data. With its modular design, iProXpress complements and can be integrated with other software in a proteomic data analysis pipeline. This novel approach to complex biological questions involves the interrogation of multiple data sources, thereby facilitating hypothesis generation and knowledge discovery from the genomic-scale studies and fostering disease diagnosis and drug development.

Keywords:

Proteomic profiling, high-throughput analysis, biomarkers, bioinformatic tools, iProXpress, sequence library, pathway discovery, stage specific proteins

Affiliation:

Proteomics and Mass Spectrometry Unit, Research Resources Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, 333 Cassell Dr., Baltimore, MD 21224,USA.



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