Awadhesh Kumar Shukla* and Amit Kishore Singh Pages 161 - 167 ( 7 )
Microorganisms that are capable of live and adapt in hostile habitats of different environmental factors such as extremes temperature, salinity, nutrient availability and pressure are known as extremophiles. Exposure to xenobiotic compounds is global concern influencing the world population as a health hazard. Hence their removal is warranted using biological means that is very sustainable, potentially cost-effective and eco-friendly. Due to adaptation in extreme environments and unique defense mechanisms, they are receiving more attention for the bioremediation of the xenobiotic compounds. They possess robust enzymatic and biocatalytic systems that make them suitable for the effective removal of pollutants from the contaminated environment. Additionally, the extremophiles act as microfactories having specific genetic and biotechnological potential for the production of biomolecules. This mini review will provide an overview of microbial degradation metabolic pathways for bioremediation along with the molecular and physiological properties of diverse extremophiles from variety of habitats. Furthermore, the factors affecting the bioremediation process is also summarized.
Extremophiles, xenobiotics, biodegradation, pollutants, extremozymes, metabolic pathway.
Department of Botany, K.S. Saket P.G. College, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, 224123, Department of Botany, Bhagalpur National College, Bhagalpur, Bihar, 812007