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On the Use of Topological Features of Metabolic Networks for the Classification of Cancer Samples

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Jeaneth Machicao*, Francesco Craighero, Davide Maspero, Fabrizio Angaroni, Chiara Damiani , Alex Graudenzi *, Marco Antoniotti and Odemir M. Bruno*   Pages 88 - 97 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: The increasing availability of omics data collected from patients affected by severe pathologies, such as cancer, is fostering the development of data science methods for their analysis.

Introduction: The combination of data integration and machine learning approaches can provide new powerful instruments to tackle the complexity of cancer development and deliver effective diagnostic and prognostic strategies.

Methods: We explore the possibility of exploiting the topological properties of sample-specific metabolic networks as features in a supervised classification task. Such networks are obtained by projecting transcriptomic data from RNA-seq experiments on genome-wide metabolic models to define weighted networks modeling the overall metabolic activity of a given sample.

Results: We show the classification results on a labeled breast cancer dataset from the TCGA database, including 210 samples (cancer vs. normal). In particular, we investigate how the performance is affected by a threshold-based pruning of the networks by comparing Artificial Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines and Random Forests. Interestingly, the best classification performance is achieved within a small threshold range for all methods, suggesting that it might represent an effective choice to recover useful information while filtering out noise from data. Overall, the best accuracy is achieved with SVMs, which exhibit performances similar to those obtained when gene expression profiles are used as features.

Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that the topological properties of sample-specific metabolic networks are effective in classifying cancer and normal samples, suggesting that useful information can be extracted from a relatively limited number of features.

Keywords:

Metabolic networks, cancer sample classification, machine learning, RNA-seq data, topological properties, network pruning.

Affiliation:

Sao Carlos Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos, Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and Physiology, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IBFM-CNR), Segrate, Milan, Department of Informatics, Systems and Communication, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Sao Carlos Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos

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